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Used space in ZFS pools and filesystems

Distribution: official part of Check_MK
License: GPL
Supported Agents: Linux, Solaris, FREEBSD

This check monitors the usage of ZFS filesystems using the output of the command zfsget. This is done in a separate check since the output of df does not show the required metrics when ZFS is used with quotas.

The check is fully compatible with df with respect to its configuration, output and logic. Please refer to the manual of df for details.

ZFS has some specialities when compared with "normal" filesystems. From the point of view of monitoring the crucial difference is that several filesystems live together in a common "pool". Each of the filesystems has its own amount of used space. But they share a common free space. If you want to compute the percentage of used/free space of a filesystem, you may run into trouble. Let's take the following example:

Lets say we have a pool P of the size 10GB where the filesystems A and B live. Lets assume that A currently uses 2GB and B uses 7GB. That makes 1GB left available in the pool. Reporting 20% usage for A would be misleading in such a case, because you would assume 80% (i.e. 8GB) of free space. But in fact just 1GB is left free for futher files. For that reason our zfsget check reports the current usage plus the available pool space as total size of the filesystem. In our example that means that the "size" of A is reported as 3GB with 2GB used (which makes 66.6%). That way all filesystems will become critical if the available pool space goes to zero.

Filesystems with a quota are handled differently, however. Here the quota is reported as the total size. If A has a quota of 5GB, we report 2GB out of 5GB used.

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